When someone you love, in particular, your spouse, becomes ill you want to help them get well. But what
happens when the illness is dementia? A marital relationship that could have spanned years or decades
becomes subject to enormous change, and that change is not a slow linear progression of predictability. It
is an up and down interaction of being recognized and accepted by your spouse, or not.

Over the years, many clients have told me their incredible stories of coping with a loved one with
dementia, spouses and parents. Honestly, I struggle with really comprehending, much less truly appreciating
what they are going through or went through. Husband’s and wives have shared stories that brought me to
tears and moved me with deep admiration as I see “in sickness and in health” truly lived out. At such times,
I wonder whether I could really do what they do on a daily basis, day in and day out to year end and year

All people living with dementia will eventually exhibit
combinations of three symptoms
: 1) cognitive impairment (memory loss), 2) functional
decline (changes in activities of daily living), and 3) neuropsychiatric disease symptoms (fluctuating
moods, behaviors, and psychoses). These symptoms can leave the healthy, unimpaired spouse at a loss with
regard to communication issues and intimacy. While some spouses can cope with the monumental changes
dementia brings to a marriage, many spouses cannot. Feelings of hopelessness, caregiver inadequacy, and
embarrassment are often hallmarks of the caretaker spouse.

Caring for a spouse with Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia can be exhausting. It is similar to
watching a toddler; the person cannot be reasoned with or left unattended. People with dementia can live for
many years, and it is presenting a real challenge to care facilities as well as spouses. What would you do
if your spouse of many years has Alzheimer’s, is in a nursing home and strikes up a romantic relationship
with another resident? Would it change how you cared for them? Would it give you the freedom to go outside
your marriage vows and begin a relationship with someone else?

Everyone is different and has different emotional tolerances. Famously, retired Supreme Court Justice
Sandra Day O’Connor encountered this very problem. Her longtime husband was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s.
While she cared for him as long as possible, even retiring from her Supreme Court position in large part to
have time to tend to him, he eventually had to be moved to a care facility. It was in this care facility he
began a relationship (often referred to as a “new attachment” in the case of dementia) to a woman only known
as “Kay.” Sandra O’Connor had the emotional courage and presence of mind to understand this was not a
personal slight by her husband. Instead, she embraced his new relationship willingly saying in part that if
it brings him any happiness while suffering this terrible disease she was on board to support his

Some states are advocating and providing the legal framework for advanced care planning for individuals in
the event a person is diagnosed with dementia. Beyond decisions regarding medical orders for life-sustaining
treatment (MOLST) and do not resuscitate orders (DNR), couples are now encouraged to explore their
expectations in the event a spouse with a dementia diagnosis enters into a new attachment outside of the
marriage. It is also important to address whether the spouse without dementia might form a new

As we age, there is an increased incidence of dementia. Due to advances in medical technology we are
living longer with dementia and other diseases. While a person with dementia may be stripped of their
memories, they are still a human being who needs warmth, contact, and interaction. It is a basic human need
to love and be loved, and that connection can quell some of the psychological problems of isolation and
loneliness many dementia patients experience.

Having this discussion with your spouse or partner is certainly not easy. No one wants to imagine the
possibility that this can happen to them, and yet the possibility is very real. Ideally, these wishes will
be documented as part of a long term care plan created with the help of an elder law attorney that also
addresses what type of care is desired, and how it will be paid for.

We help families navigate these difficult issues to avoid more
stress on the family in the future. If we can be of assistance with your planning, please don’t hesitate to
reach out.

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